My current research subjects are:
- The work of the early twentieth century folk song collectors in the eastern counties, including Ralph Vaughan Williams, George Butterworth and others
- The Dulcimer in East Anglia
- Stepdancing competitions in England
- Miss Gayton’s Hornpipe
- Parry’s Barrel Organ
- Julia Clifford, Irish fiddle player who lived in Norfolk 1978-1997
Early twentieth century folk song collectors in the eastern counties
For the last twenty years I have been researching the early twentieth century folksong collectors in the eastern counties, and in particular, the singers (fishermen, farmworkers) they collected from. Some of my findings were originally published on the East Anglian Traditional Music Trust’s website, but I am now updating this work, and two revised and updated articles are now published here on this website: South Norfolk singers in 1911 (folksongs collected by Ralph Vaughan Williams and George Butterworth, near Diss) and ‘Southwold singers in 1910’ featuring the legendary (but real) Ben Hurr! These writings supersede earlier versions which may still be found on the EATMT website. My research about King’s Lynn will shortly be republished here, but meanwhile the original is still available on the EATMT website, under the title Vaughan Williams in the East.
The image above shows George Butterworth’s notations of songs and words on his visit to south Norfolk, courtesy of the English Folk Dance and Song Society and the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library which has digitised all these collectors’ original manuscripts.
Next up will be my latest research into songs collected in south Suffolk in the early 20th century. Watch this space!
The Dulcimer in East Anglia
John Howson and I have researched this subject for nearly forty years and rather than having just a page or two on this website, we have built an entire website devoted to the history of the East Anglian dulcimer, its makers and players: www.eastangliandulcimers.org.uk
In 2019 I started work on some research into stepdancing competitions , starting with East Anglia and then broadening across the southern half of England. This is developing with a particular focus on Somerset and the relationship with the early folk revival 1900-1939.
The far reaching story of one tune and dance across two centuries, and one young dancer’s rise to fame and sudden disappearance from the stage.
An investigation into the barrel-organ taken onboard Parry’s Polar Expeditions in 1819-1825. Early recordings of popular dance tunes, many of which are still known today, designed to keep the crew fit and interested during the long winter months when the ships were icebound searching for the North West Passage.
Julia Clifford, Irish fiddle player
Julia Clifford (1914-1997), fiddle player from Lisheen in Co. Kerry, lived in Thetford, Norfolk for the last twenty years of her life. Lisheen is in an area known as Sliabh Luachra (the rushy mountains), renowned for its poets and traditional musicians. Julia and her brother Denis Murphy came from a musical family and recordings made of the two of them brought the music to wider attention in the 1970s.
Julia and her husband John Clifford, also a musician, had been living in London since the 1940s, but shortly after the recordings came out, they moved out to Thetford in Norfolk, and as far as publically available information goes, they all but disappear from view. However, this period, and especially after 1981 when John died, saw a busy period of music-making for Julia, with a younger generation of enthusiasts and a new audience on the English folk scene.
I knew Julia and played with her on occasions. Although my focus at that time was seriously on my own local musical traditions from East Anglia, I loved her Sliabh Luachra slides and polkas and visited her home to learn from her, with a packet of her favourite biscuits in the bag of course! A number of other people in the locality took her out and about to sessions and folk clubs and further afield to festivals and other events too.
Her musical talents and legacy were eventually celebrated in the UK in 2019 – see the I Looked East and I Looked West page for details of a wonderful one-off event held in Suffolk on the weekend of 26th-28th April 2019. This incorporated a photographic display as well as workshops, concerts and sessions. It is intended to make this display available in Ireland in the future, and the photographs will be lodged with the Irish Traditional Music Archive, who also recorded the event for their archives.
Here’s just a couple of photographs of Julia in England in the 1980s.
If you have any memories at all of Julia – in England, Ireland, USA or anywhere else – please do not hesitate to contact me. Even the tiniest reminiscences add to the overall picture.
If you remember Julia, you’re very welcome to fill in this downloadable Questionnaire to get started. It’s a PDF, but if you’d like one in Word, or would like to send it by post instead of email, drop me a message.
Other research interests:
- The history of dancing jig dolls This culminated in a book “The Brightest of Entertainers” co-written with Pat Pickles, published in 2018 and short-listed for The Katharine Briggs Award in 2019 by The Folklore Society.
- I’m a member of Instep Research Team, which has a website full of information about stepdancing from across the British Isles. I’ve just started work on some research into stepdancing competitions across the south of England.
- 19th century musicians in Suffolk, Cambridgeshire and Norfolk (unpublished)
- Traditional harmonica players in England & Ireland (embryonic)
Details of some other research projects are on the Publications page
If you think my research skills could be of use to you, please get in touch.
Recent commissions for other people include genealogical research for ‘Taking Steps’ (history of Dartmoor stepdancing) and projects on Robert Cinnamond, singer from Northern Ireland and Henry Price, musician from Oxfordshire.